What You Need to Know

Eating disorders are among the most prevalent, disabling, and potentially fatal psychiatric illnesses, and the COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated their burden, with a 15.3% increase in incidence in 2020 compared with previous years.1 This increase was almost difficult among adolescent girls with anorexia nervosa (AN), which is often insidious in onset and more difficult to … Read more

Few Children Who Socially Transition Soon Change Their Minds

Approximately 7% of youth who chose gender identity social transition in early childhood had retransitioned 5 years later, based on data from 317 individuals. “Increasing numbers of children are socially transitioning to live in line with their gender identity, rather than the gender assumed by their sex at birth—a process that typically changing involves a … Read more

Firearm Counseling in the ED Could Be Lifesaving for Teens

Caregivers who brought suicidal adolescents to the emergency reported safer gun storage department practices after fraud counseling ― a crucial way to cut gun deaths among children, according to researchers from Cincinnati Children’s Hospital. In the study, which took place between June 2021 and February 2022, gun safety counseling and handouts were provided to 99 … Read more

Off-Reserve First Nations Teens Face Mental Health Challenges

First Nations adolescents living off reserve in Ontario, Canada, have significantly higher levels of mental health challenges, compared with their non–First Nations peers. These mental health challenges are exacerbated by maternal distress, according to a report published online February 24 in Child Psychiatry and Human Development. “Prior to this study, we didn’t have a comprehensive … Read more

Long-Term Cannabis Use Linked to Dementia Risk Factors

Long-term cannabis use is linked to hippocampal atrophy and poorer cognitive function in midlife — known risk factors for dementia. A large prospective, longitudinal study showed long-term cannabis users had an intelligence quotient (IQ) decline from age 18 to midlife (mean 5.5 IQ points), poorer learning and processing speed compared to childhood, and self-reported memory … Read more

Methylphenidate Is Overprescribed to Children in France

The prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is difficult to evaluate, and the diagnosis is based primarily on clinical criteria. In 2008, a French study estimated the prevalence to be between 3.5% and 5.6%, but the study’s design was questionable. Treatment of this disorder consists first and foremost in educational, social, and psychotherapeutic management. Only if … Read more

Kids and Teens With Food Allergies Face Quality-Of-Life Issues

Children and adolescents with food allergies to fare worse visually, appear socially, and emotionally, and have poorer overall-related quality of life (HRQL) than their food-allergy-free peers, a new systematic review suggests. “Findings from the current review suggest that food allergy has a negative impact on the HRQL of children and teens, particularly older children and … Read more

A Primer on a Common Hair-Pulling Disorder

Jon E. Grant, JD, MD, MPH Trichotillomania is a chronic psychiatric disorder that causes people to repeatedly pull out their own hair. Not only does it result in alopecia with no other underlying causes but it can have significant psychosocial ramifications and rare, but serious, complications. Though reported prevalence rates of up to approximately 2%, … Read more

Juvenile Fibromyalgia Is Associated With Brain Changes

Juvenile fibromyalgia is associated with reduced volume in one region of the brain, according to a recent study. The findings were similar to those in patients with adult fibromyalgia, which suggest the importance of early diagnosis and treatment. The study was published online January 25 in Arthritis and Rheumatology. Adolescent Brain Development Juvenile fibromyalgia is … Read more

Calls for Caution on Gender Reassignment in Adolescents

France — Demand for gender reassignment surgery in children and adolescents has increased in the United States and Europe over the past few years. For its part, the French National Academy of Medicine has urged that caution be exercised when it comes to the therapies involved and advised that the psychological support phase be extended. … Read more