More Evidence Insomnia Contributes to Cognitive Decline

A new study provides more evidence that insomnia may contribute to cognitive decline in older adults and shows that difficulty falling asleep in midlife may be most indicative of future cognitive impairment. Investigators found that having trouble falling asleep most nights (vs rarely/never) was equivalent to the effect of 2 to 3 years of aging … Read more

Mental Illness Tied to More Healthcare Use Among Homeless

Among adults experiencing homelessness in Ontario, Canada, those with a mental illness are more likely to use emergency, inpatient, and physician services, according to a new report. In general, homelessness is associated with higher healthcare needs, hospitalizations, and primary care appointments, compared with low-income control groups, the study authors wrote. At the same time, healthcare … Read more

Suicide Notes Are ‘Unique Window’ Into Motives, Risks in the Elderly

Suicide notes left by elderly people provide a unique opportunity to better understand and prevent suicide in this often vulnerable population. A new analysis of notes penned by seniors who died by suicide reveals several common themes. These include feeling as if they were a burden, feelings of guilt, experiencing mental illness, loneliness, or isolation, … Read more

Heart Failure Drug a New Treatment Option for Alcoholism?

Spironolactone, a potassium-sparing diuretic typically used to treat heart failure and hypertension, shows promise in treating alcohol use disorder (AUD), new research suggests. Researchers at the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), and Yale University School of Medicine investigated the impact of spironolactone on AUD. Initially, … Read more

Regular Exercise Appears to Slow Cognitive Decline in MCI

Regular exercise, regardless of intensity level, appears to slow cognitive decline in sedentary older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), new research from the largest study of its kind suggests. Topline results from the EXERT trial, which is the largest study of its kind, showed patients with MCI who participated regularly in either aerobic exercise … Read more

Biden Boosts LGBTQI Protections, Bans Conversion Therapy

June 15, 2022 – President Joe Biden issued an executive order today banning conversion therapy and offering other LBGTQI+ protections as part of White House efforts to advance equality during Pride Month. “My order will use the full force of the federal government to end inhumane practices of conversion therapy,” Biden said in a speech … Read more

Opioid Use in the Elderly a Dementia Risk Factor?

Opioid use in the elderly is associated with an almost 40% increased risk of dementia, in new findings that suggest exposure to these drugs may be another modifiable risk factor for dementia. “Clinicians and others may want to consider that opioid exposure in those aged 75-80 increases dementia risk, and to balance the potential benefits … Read more

New Tool Cuts CVD Risk in Patients With Serious Mental Illness

A clinical decision support (CDS) system that can be implemented in primary care reduces cardiovascular risk factors (CV) common in patients with serious mental illness (SMI), new research suggests. Investigators assessed more than 70 primary care clinics that treated close to 9000 patients with SMI. Disorders included schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and schizoaffective disorder. The clinics … Read more

Restoring ‘Sixth Sense’ May Reduce Falls in Alzheimer’s

Loss of vestibular function is a key contributor to a well-documented increased risk for falls in patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD), new research confirms. Falls are twice as common in patients with AD vs older individuals without the disorder and significantly increase the likelihood of institutionalization. However, researchers recorded fewer falls in patients with a … Read more

When Sharing Sensitive Info, Patients Prefer App vs. Staff: Study

Patients using a tablet-based app were more than twice as likely to disclose depression, intimate partner violence, and fall risk compared with verbal screenings, according to a new study. The study, published online today in JAMA Network Openincludes the use of mPath, a tablet-based app created by a team of researchers at Wake Forest School … Read more