Local Public Health Efforts in Schools May Not Work

Efforts to prevent and curb substance use in schools through public health engagement (PHE) appear to be effective where use of cigarettes and cannabis is high but had the opposite impact in where use of alcohol and cannabis is low, according to a cross-sectional study published in the Canadian Journal of Public Health. The study … Read more

A New Predictor of Problem Drinking in Early Adulthood

Drinking alone in youth is a strong predictor of problematic alcohol use in later life, new research suggests. In a large longitudinal study that followed a national sample of US high school students for 17 years, solitary drinking in adolescence and young adulthood was associated with binge drinking β€” and prospectively predicted alcohol use disorder … Read more

Police Often Called for Emergency Mental Health Transfers

University health clinics in Ontario, Canada frequently enlist law enforcement to accompany students during transfers to mental health facilities, a new study finds. Physicians fear that this practice is harmful. At some clinics, the police routinely handcuff students during the trip to the hospital. β€œThe people we interviewed were all on the same page, but … Read more

Gun Safety ‘Wrapped in a Mental Health Bill’: Health Provisions

The gun safety law forged through tense bipartisan talks in the Senate last month has been heralded as the first federal legislation in 30 years to combat rising gun violence. But what often falls below the radar is the new law’s focus on improving mental health services. News has coverage largely centered on the law’s … Read more

Asian American Teens at Highest Risk for Suicidal Thoughts

NEW ORLEANS β€” In an unexpected finding, researchers discovered that Asian American adolescents had the highest rate of suicidal ideation, per a 2019 national survey of high-school students. According to a weighted analysis, 24% of Asian Americans reported thinking about or planning suicide vs. 22% of Whites and Blacks and 20% of Hispanics (P < ... Read more

The Sixth Sense in Science

Who? What? When? Why? Where? How? The five W’s. I vividly remember being taught to ask these five questions and seeing word-art posted around the classroom when I was a child. As children, we are taught to be curious and ask questions until we understand. We try new food, have new experiences, and explore uncharted … Read more

What Can We Do About Mass Shootings?

“It must be mental illness. My mind cannot possibly conceive of an alternative. A rational healthy mind cannot be capable of this, Doc.” These were the opening words of one of many discussions that I had with patients in the wake of yet another gut-wrenching tragedy where we saw innocent children and their teachers murdered … Read more

Can a Novel Med School Curriculum Curb the US Opioid Epidemic?

An opioid-centered curriculum for medical students improves awareness of pain management and treatment of opioid use disorder (OUD) and may help mitigate the current opioid crisis in the US, new research suggests. “Our study showed that implementing training for medical students about opioid use disorder and its treatment improves knowledge and understanding of clinical principles … Read more

New Toolkit Offers Help for Climate Change Anxiety

Natania Abebe A new toolkit provides coping strategies for people who are anxious about climate change. These strategies include volunteering, building a community, discussing emotions with others, practicing mindfulness, and seeking therapy. The toolkit, which was developed by nursing experts at the University of British Columbia (UBC) in Vancouver, Canada, also offers reflection questions and … Read more

Using Ecological Systems Theory in Student Trauma During COVID-19

The study covered in this summary was published on medRxiv.org as a preprint and has not yet been peer reviewed. Key Takeaways The factors related to trauma and the potential underlying causes for the underperformance of trauma-impacted students were framed in Bronfenenner’s ecological systems theory (EST). EST views child development as a complex system of … Read more